Goths

   Germanic people whose impact on the empire was profound from the third century through the reign of Justinian I (q.v.). Their raids across the lower Danube (q.v.) in the third century were a major threat to the Roman state. In the fourth century they split into two groups, the Visigoths and Ostrogoths (qq.v.). Many were settled below the Danube and enrolled in the army as foederati (q.v.). There, they were promoted, often to the highest commands, especially under Theodosios I (q.v.). Occasionally this had dire results, as in the case of Gainas (q.v.). Both Visigoths and Ostrogoths ultimately founded states on imperial territory, preceded by pillage and conquest, best illustrated by Alaric's (q.v.) invasions of Greece and Italy (qq.v.) before the Visigoths were finally settled in Gaul (q.v.). Once settled, their Arianism (q.v.) continued to insure that they would never be fully integrated into the empire, something Synesios of Cyrene (q.v.) argued. However, the massacre of Goths in Constantinople in 400 (including the death of Gainas [q.v.]) solved the problem of the Goths in the East.

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Goths — peuple germanique installé au Ier s. av. J. C. sur les rives de la Vistule. Vers 230 apr. J. C., leur domination s étend des Carpates au Don, le bas Dniepr constituant l axe princ. de leur état. En 375, l invasion des Huns poussa la plupart des… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Goths — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Gothique et Goth (manga). Cet article traite de la tribu germanique. Pour la sous culture du XXe siècle dont les membres se désignent par goths, voir Mouvement gothique …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Goths — The Goths (, respectively.Meanwhile close contact with Roman civilization brought about a gradual conversion of the Goths to Catholicism. One of the most notable early instances of such a conversion was that of the Gothic missionary, Wulfila, who …   Wikipedia

  • Goths — n. Germanic tribes that originated in Scandinavia and invaded the Roman Empire gɒθ n. member of the Goths, member of one of the Germanic tribes that originated in Scandinavia and invaded the Roman Empire; barbaric person …   English contemporary dictionary

  • GOTHS —    a tribe of Teutons who in formidable numbers invaded the Roman empire from the east and north east from as early as the third century, and though they were beaten back at the battle of Châlons, eventually broke it up …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • goths — (god ) [akin to Eng good] : well. Deriv. godei nicety. Comp. gastigodei hospitality, gastigoths hospitable, godakunds of noble birth …   Gothic dictionary with etymologies

  • Goths —    See Ostrogoths; Visigoths …   Encyclopedia of Barbarian Europe

  • goths — plural of goth …   Useful english dictionary

  • Goths (Scandinavie) — Goths de Scandinavie La Suède au XIIe siècle. En jaune, les Suiones, en bleu, les Geats, et en vert, les Guts. Le terme Goths désigne généralement en français un peuple qui s est d abord installé en …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Goths De Scandinavie — La Suède au XIIe siècle. En jaune, les Suiones, en bleu, les Geats, et en vert, les Guts. Le terme Goths désigne généralement en français un peuple qui s est d abord installé en …   Wikipédia en Français

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